Refutation

XY-Einzelfall and the Aftermath

Last year a map circulated around social media in Germany via a Facebook page. The map claimed to show the amount of migrant and refugee crime in the country.

Titled “XY-Einzelfall” with a play on the fact that all the crimes shown on the map were considered “isolated crimes” (Einzelfall in German), people were outraged by the facts that Chancellor Angela Merkel was hiding from them.

After an investigation by Germany’s Bureau of Investigative Journalism it was revealed that the map was fake.

One of the main faults in the map was the way the creator sited refugees. In the map, virtually any crime committed by someone who a witnessed described as dark-skinned was then classified as a refugee or migrant for the purpose of the map. The true definition of the two were not used in the algorithm.

Additionally, the site used crime stories for its statistics that were already said to be fake. A news site Bild published an article about a New Year’s Eve attack by migrants in Frankfurt which turned out to be false. This was used in the map.

While it should have been clear that the map was fake, people that are against refugees to begin with ate up the fact that this map proved their thoughts correct. In this video a man discusses his thoughts about the map.

 

The creators of the map claimed that 84% of crime in Germany is from migrants when in fact it is actually only 13%. Remembering that the way the creators classified a refugee to begin with is inaccurate, all the data on this map is wrong.

In my opinion it is not so much that the refugees are prone to create crime, but it is more so that when there are 2 million more people in an area it is unrealistic to think that there won’t be a notable increase in crime. People are more likely to blame the increase on the refugees because that is the only thing that changed. It does not mean that all the additional crimes are committed by refugees.

 

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Affirmative

The Complicated Economic Impact

There is a common idea throughout the United States that when immigrants or refugees come to the United States they are stealing jobs from Americans. This has been a dilemma for Americans for years and a fear that President Trump ran his campaign on.

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People are convinced that accepting refugees into the US means Americans will not have jobs and as a result the economy will suffer. In the numbers that have been calculated it seems that while this assumption may be true it has little to no impact on the US or any other country’s overall economy.

In the town of Utica, New York the acceptance of refugees has helped to lift it out of an economic decline. Utica claims to love refugees and how they have contributed to their community.

According to economist Jeffrey Sachs, director of the Earth Institute at Columbia University and a senior UN advisor, refugees are a net positive for the economy of the United States.

there are gains when people come, add to the labor market, add skills and generally, earn less than what they can contribute to the society as a whole. – Sachs

In the simplest terms by having more people in the US there is an increase in purchases. therefore more money is going into the economy. Refugees are engaging in the economy of their host countries in order to improve their circumstances and succeed in the new chapter of their lives.

People should be more interested in the fact that it is our humanitarian right to save these people from the civil wars they are so badly suffering from. In 2015 Martin O’Malley claimed “Accommodating sixty-five thousand refugees in our country . . . of three hundred and twenty million is akin to making room for six and a half more people in a baseball stadium with thirty-two thousand.”

The countries bordering Syria have taken in more refugees than any others. With much smaller economies than the United States it would make sense that these companies economies would be suffering, however this is not the case.

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The Turkish economy has expanded 2-3 percent in the past two years and Lebanon and Jordan are seeing improvements in their economies as well. There is little proof to show that accepting more refugees into the United States would negatively affect the economy.

 

Miscellaneous

A Syrian Family in the US

Take a look at this short video about one family’s adaption to the United States.

After having to leave Syria in 2012, they then moved to Jordan. Unfortunately, refugees are not allowed to work in Jordan and so they were losing money fast.

Then they learned that they were being resettle to the US in Rockford, Illinois. After an extensive two year process, they were finally able to come to the US. The family was overjoyed being as none of them have ever been to the United States before. “We hope that we do not disappoint you.” they said referring to Americans.

Although there have been difficulties adapting to life in the US such as transportation, language, shopping and learning how to use their appliances the family is doing well. All the children are in school, the whole family is learning English and the father Mufak, will soon have a job.

There is no reason to believe that refugees and Americans cannot live in harmony. Culture is not something that is set in stone. As can be seen with this family it is possible for refugees to learn and adapt to our lifestyle and in turn we could learn from them as well. Too often are refugees seen as threats when in reality most are families just like ours trying to live the happiest and safest lives they can.

One of the family members said that what he loved most about being in America is our laws. He loved the freedom and he loved the ability to be protected by our laws. It is things like this that we tend to take for granted. We forget that there are people that cannot do virtually whatever they would like as we can.

It is important to remember that there are families like this one out there that need our help. We should be providing assistance and love to them, what they are doing is not easy.

At the end of the video the narrator days “We contain multitudes which has always strengthened us.” This quotes reminds me of our country’s motto e pluribus unum or out of many, one. We are stronger and better when we join forces, there is no reason to deny people that want to join our country the ability to do so.

Miscellaneous

The Moral Dilemma

While there is no legal obligation for a country to accept refugees, some might argue that there is a moral one. In general terms people should feel morally obligated to help others in need so why should the situation with refugees be any different?

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When news outlets discuss refugees they tend to speak of their admittance into our country solely on the basis of national security. “Is it safe for our citizens if we let all these foreigners into the United States?” Rarely is the safety of the refugees questioned.

In an article written by a professor at Northeastern University, the discussion of the moral obligations to help refugees is discussed. The initial cause for the moral obligation to help refugees is in the knowledge that if they are not helped there is a large reason to believe that they will be killed.

The unfortunate reality is, this fact has not persuaded people that there is a real need to assistance. Instead, large Western countries will help to implement refugee camps in other countries or plan resettlements as long as it is not in their own country. The author of the article Serena Parekh mentions how these refugee camps are doing no good for the people that are supposedly seeking refuge in them.

Indeed, the situation is so bad in Jordan that people are choosing to return home to Syria rather than remain there. – Parekh

Refugees are choosing to live in a constant fear of death and violence rather than face what is supposed to be a safer place. The resources that the countries willing to host refugees have are no better than what the refugees already have access to. These countries that are primarily in the Global South need help on their own and require even more support to help the extra people that they are trying to help.

If the stronger Western countries were open to accepting more refugees themselves rather just providing resources, it would cut out the middle man and help even more people in need of assistance.

Miscellaneous

Comparing Refugee Policy

With only about a week into his presidency President Trump implemented these policies on refugees. He justified his executive order by stating that former President Barack Obama had done the same thing back in 2011.

“My policy is similar to what President Obama did in 2011 when he banned visas for refugees from Iraq for six months.”

In an article from The Washington Post, titled Trump’s facile claim that his refugee policy is similar to Obama’s in 2011 journalist Glenn Kessler looks at the truth behind this comparison.

first and foremost, President Obama did not in fact stop admission of Iraqi refugees into the United States. The admission process was simply delayed as a result of a more intense vetting process. Additionally, the more intense vetting process was adopted as a response to the arrest of two Iraqis in Kentucky.

President Obama was responding to a known threat to the nation’s national security. After an incident had occurred, the original vetting process was simply modified in order to prevent what had happened from happening again. The current ban is not in relation to any specific event or clear fact.

Next, it was never said that the Obama administration was stopping visa applications completely, just that it would be slowed. Even still, these delays were slight and went generally unnoticed to the public.

Finally, the 2011 situation did not prevent all citizens from Iraq from entering the United States–including green-card holders. There is no evidence that there was a clear halt to the admission of people from Iraq from entering the US.

In a test Kessler calls the Pinocchio test, Trump’s travel ban received three Pinocchio’s for these reasons. From this article it can be seen that Trump is having trouble justifying what he has done through the executive order. All he is trying to do is fast-track his claim that he will rid the nation of muslim terrorists, however this policy does no such thing.

Miscellaneous

Travel Ban Policy – Facts vs. Fear

The recent policies pertaining to refugees is makes it extremely difficult for anyone who needs to escape the harsh living conditions in their home countries. In this video from Vox, President Trump’s original executive order for the travel ban is explained.

The executive order is called “Protecting the Nation from Foreign Terrorist Entry into the United States” however this is not what the order is actually saying. The order bans immigrants and visa holders from seven primarily muslim countries. These countries include Syria, Libya, Sudan, Yemen, Somalia, Iran and Iraq (Iraq has since been removed). The catch with this order is that none of this does anything for the United States’ national security.

There have been zero terrorist attacks by immigrants from any of these countries. Doctors, students and actors who have done nothing wrong cannot come back into the US even though they have a full right to be able to.

Although the order states that it will be in place for 120 days, Syrian refugees are banned indefinitely. This is not something that America has been known to stand for in the past. The United States was built on being a safe haven for people that can no longer survive in the countries they are living in.

Several celebrities have spoken out about the ban such as actors, singers, comedians and writers. Actress Angelina Jolie wrote an informative and insightful op-ed piece for The New York Times titled Refugee Policy Should Be Based on Facts, Not Fear. She discusses both sides of the argument in a way that it tasteful and informative.

I’m proud of our country’s history of giving shelter to the most vulnerable people. Americans have shed blood to defend the idea that human rights transcend culture, geography, ethnicity and religion. – Jolie

While it is justified to say that our country should be safe from the dangers of the world, there is no reason why the actions that are taken to ensure this safety cannot apply to others as well. It is important not only to the citizens of the US but of other nations as well that the policies that are enforced are based on facts and not fear; fear will not save anyone no matter where they are from.

Introduction

Bio-Melannie Arolick

I support refugees in America because these people need our help. No matter what country they are coming from they are seeking an escape from a place that is unbearable. What people fail to see is that refugees do not necessarily want to leave and come to America; they are different from immigrants seeking a better life. Refugees are people that were forced to leave their homes because it was no longer safe to live. It is our job as a free nation to help these people to feel safe when they have been ostracized.

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Source

A couple weeks ago I went to the Newseum in Washington D.C. There is a new exhibit there with photographs of refugees from all over the world. the photos captured different points in the people’s journeys such as along the way, arriving at their destination, plain pictures of their faces and narratives about the people. These pictures helped me to see the struggles they are going through and the courage that it takes to leave their homes and seek salvation. We should be doing whatever we can to make this hardship just a little bit easier for them.